Environmental effects: It’s our doing

October 10, 2013

Environmental effects: It’s our doing“Because the rates of emissions are growing, it looks like we could burn through the other half in the next 25 years” under one of the more dire scenarios outlined in the report.

Other scenarios show that the threshold will be reached later this century. The finding constitutes a warning to governments to cut emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, which is generated by the burning of fossil fuels, industrial activity and deforestation.

Calling climate change “the greatest challenge of our time,” panel co-chair Thomas Stocker said humankind’s fate in the next 100 years “depends crucially on how much carbon dioxide will be emitted in the future”.

In the report, the panel said it is 95% certain that human activity is the dominant cause of the global warming observed since the 1950s. That is up from 90% six years ago.

“Human influence has been detected in warming of the atmosphere and the ocean, in changes in the global water cycle, in reductions in snow and ice, in global mean sea level rise, and in changes in some climate extremes,” the report said.

The report is the panel’s fifth major assessment since 1990. It reaffirms many of the conclusions of past reports, but with greater confidence.

“The atmosphere and ocean have warmed, the amounts of snow and ice have diminished, sea level has risen and the concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased,” the panel wrote in a 36-page summary of its findings.

crown capital management group-Environmental cost of industrialisation

June 26, 2013

KARACHI - Industrialisation is a process of social and economic changes whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state. It is a part of a wider modernisation process, where social change and economic development is closely related with technological innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energy and metallurgy production.

The major technological, socioeconomic, and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labour with one dominated by industry and machine manufacture while our economy grows stronger and our environment becomes weaker as a result. There is only one cause of environmental destruction - industrialisation. Overpopulation and over consumerism are only consequences/by-products of the industrialisation. Moreover, the environment has been destroyed by industrialization and consumerism but not the population/ overpopulation. The industrialisation has loaded tremendous pressure on environment. The industrialisation runs hand in glove with environment.

But knowingly or unknowingly, the industrialisation ran faster without caring for environment to win the race. The environmental costs of industrialisation are mind boggling. Huge quantities of pollutants solids, liquids and gaseous material which are being let out in the air, water, land are investing the relationships between man and the nature with new complexities. Some of the statistics pertaining to environmental scenario are quite revealing. At present nearly 70 percent of the available water is polluted. Over 73 million days are lost annually due to water related diseases. About half a hectare of land is consumed every second.

Life support systems inbuilt in the eco-system are being strained almost to the point of new return. The drive for economic development has resulted in ecological harm. Extraction of minerals can be destructive as streams and rivers were diverted so that miners can pan the riverbeds for minerals. Fish and other resources are destroyed and erosion increase gently. Energy production can create other kinds of damage as well. Oil spills destroy marine life. Power plants burning coal and gas produce pollution along with electricity.

Julia Gillard’s China Policy: An Analysis

June 14, 2013


Eyebrows were raised in the minds of some analysts and policy makers in the Asia pacific region when Australia’s Prime Minister Julia Gillard suddenly decided to pay an official five-day visit to China in April 2013, a time which did not quite seem opportune as tensions had heightened in the Korean peninsula over Pyongyang’s bellicose rhetoric and war cry and maritime tensions over Scarborough Shoal with the Philippines and over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands with Japan had created a volatile situation. All these developments were taking place at a time when Gillard was sculpting her government’s strategy for shared prosperity in a peaceful Asian century.

Economic factor

What propelled Gillard to take this sudden decision to travel to Beijing? From the composition of her team that travelled with her, it transpired that economic consideration was the main driver. The level of economic complementarity that has developed between the two countries, it is in neither country’s interest to allow political consideration to intervene in economic matters. The nature of the economic relationship between the two is such that while Australia needs a reliable market to sell its raw materials, which China provides, and China needs a reliable source for uninterrupted supplies for critical raw materials that its burgeoning economy needs, which Australia makes available. Looked from another side, Australia provides a reliable market for Chinese manufactured products. No wonder, Gillard took with her a team of ministers – foreign affairs, defence, trade and financial services – so that bilateral ties can be deepened in all dimensions. Gillard probably thinks that if the economic ties are kept under solid foundation, this will facilitate differences on security issues to disappear.
The question that arises: Is such a policy in sync with Australia’s other partners in the Asia Pacific region whose perspectives of China are in variance with that of Australia? True, China is Australia’s largest trading partner. Its export of iron ore alone fetches almost $43 billion a year, which easily dwarf most of the world’s bilateral aggregate trade relationships. Also, by signing a historic pact with China for direct annual meetings with Premier Li Keqiang, Gillard scored a foreign policy coup of sort. Both the leaders also pledged for formal cooperation on climate change, international aid and currency trading. The deal represented one of the most significant breakthroughs in the Australia-China relationship since Gough Whitlam recognized the communist state more than 40 years ago.

The annual talks will feature the Prime Minister, the Treasurer and the Foreign Minister in face-to-face gatherings with their Chinese counterparts. According to Gillard, the new partnership was “a big step forward” and would build on the existing level of cooperation. She observed: “It’s a step forward for us as a nation. It’s important to peace, stability, the ability to talk about those things, the ability to talk about our economic relationship in a structured dialogue every year,” Ms Gillard said. Some see the agreement as potentially the greatest single leap in relations for the two countries since diplomatic recognition back in 1972. Apart from Australia now, China only has this type of yearly dialogue with Russia, Germany, Britain and the EU.